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Preparing Walls

Renewing Plaster
Emulsion and Painting

Time spent in preparing surfaces and cleaning down will be fully repaid when undertaking interior decorating, and this point should be remembered if you wish to produce a first class finish.
Begin the job by removing fixtures or fittings likely to retard the sweep of the brush, as any object which is difficult to work around impedes progress. All way remember to put dust-sheets over carpets or floor covering, remove curtains, stack the furniture in the middle of the room, and also cover with dust-sheets.
Afterwards give the walls, picture rail, moldings and ceiling, etc., a good dusting down with a soft brush.
A plank supported by two pairs of step-ladders will be found to be the best type of scaffolding, and this should be fixed in a convenient position to work away from the light.

Preparing Walls and Renewing Plaster

Preparing Walls for Decoration
When preparing walls for painting make up a cleaning solution by adding a quarter of a pound of sugar soap to a bucket full of warm water. The walls should be washed down first; working downwards and using a large sponge. Give all the woodwork, such as door, top and bottom of window frames, skirting boards, etc., a good wash down, working the solution well into corners, for it is here grease or dirt collects. When preparing a solution of sugar soap always follow the makers instructions on the packet. Finally wash over the surface with clean water and dry off with a clean cloth.

Cracks and nail holes should be filled up and when dry lightly glass-papered till they are smooth. Brown markings caused through knots in the wood should be coated up with knotting. When rubbing down walls fold the glass paper over a block of wood to ensure even pressure. Remove old paintwork with a hot-air gun or by using a chemical stripper such as Nitromore. Carefully dust surfaces after rubbing down - dust picks up with the paint.

Walls and ceilings should be carefully inspected to see that the plaster is intact. It is essential to cut loose patches of plaster away and fill up the depressions with new plaster. When filling up holes or cracks, brush away all plaster dust, then using a old brush, soak the cavities well with water, making sure the edges are well wetted. Having done this apply the plaster with a trowel, levelling up to surface. Do not try to fill up a large hole in one operation; fill up half the thickness of the old plaster, then score it, letting it stand till the following day. Afterwards fill up level to original surface. To avoid a bulge, place a straight edge across the patch and level out. Having made good all defective plaster, allow ample time to dry, then rub over with fine glasspaper and dust off ready for painting and decorating.

Painting Walls

Preparing Walls for Decoration
Glossy paint or vinyl silk are most suitable in bathrooms and kitchens, where there is generally condensation. The surface can always be wiped down to make it look fresh and clean. To prepare for painting rub down the walls with glass paper to remove any flakey paintwork, runs and snots. If there are any bare parts give them a coat of primer. When this is dry and it is going to be finished in a gloss paint apply a undercoat followed when dry with a gloss coat. For a vinyl silk finish I suggest you give the walls a coat of vinyl matt and then apply two coats of vinyl silk.

Preparing Walls for Decoration
There are some really easy to use materials to fill woodwork and cracks that have been around now for quiet a while. To fill nail holes, knots etc. use a two-pack wood filler. This consists of resin and the hardener in a tin. Follow the mixing instructions and only mix a small amount because it hardens quickly. When it is rubbed down smooth, give the filling a priming coat. The best thing about this type of filler is it does not shrink and will not crack like water-based fillers and gives a superior finish. For filling gaps around door, window frames and skirting arm yourself with a mastic-gun and a tube or two of flexible acrylic filler. Painters Mate make a good one but there are many brands on sale cost vary from 1-3 pounds. To use simply cut the ends off the tube and nozzle and insert into the mastic gun. Squeeze the trigger slowly as you run down the crack you want filling. This done it will need you to wet your finger and run it down the mastic to finish it of smoothly. Go Back to Home Page

Special Paint Finishes.